15 Things That Slow Your Metabolism


Whether you are running a marathon, eating an ice-cream or reading an article, chemical reactions are taking place in your body. All these chemical reactions that take place inside the human body are called metabolism.

There are basically two types of reactions in metabolism. In the first type, larger molecules are broken down into smaller molecules and energy is liberated during these reactions. These are designated as catabolic reactions or catabolism. For example, while eating an ice-cream, sugars are being converted into smaller and simpler molecules that your body utilizes. The second type of reactions is anabolic reactions or anabolism where energy is consumed and smaller molecules unite to form larger molecules. So, it is evident how vital this metabolism is for our body.

Now, there are many things from your daily life which can slow down your metabolism. The eating habits also affect your metabolism a lot. Most of the foods are wreaking havoc on your metabolism and you do not even know. All of these things may seem to be healthy, but are very bad and need to be pointed out. We will discuss here some of these things or habits.

1. Your Genes

Genetics slow down metabolism
Image: IPGGutenbergUKLtd / Getty Images

Metabolism is related to your genetics and if your body is slow at carrying out these reactions which turn food into energy or burning calories while you are asleep or resting, it would probably be from your parents or family.

What can be done:

As genetics cannot be changed and the effect of genes can only be slightly enhanced or reduced through your adaptations, this metabolism can be slightly improved through exercise only, so you need to be focused on more activity during your day.

2. A High-Fat Diet

Fruit water and metabolism
Image: Health Insider

Most of you would love to go out and eat cheesy burgers or other sorts of junk food on a daily basis but just like carbohydrates, this also ruins your health and metabolic rate. The body fails to use insulin and results in conditions like obesity and diabetes. This failure to consume insulin is designated as insulin-resistance.

What can be done:

A healthy diet should be maintained that includes more fresh vegetables and fruits and lesser junk food. This would keep you from being obese and also would help in making you fit with a healthy metabolic rate.

16 Sources

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: "4 Metabolism Myths and Facts."

Acheson, KJ. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2004.

Ahad, F. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, January-March 2010.

American Society for Biochemistry and Microbiology: "Antipsychotics and their adverse metabolic effects."

Anastasia Kralli, Ph.D., associate professor of chemical physiology and cell biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA.

Vij, V. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, September 2013.

Westman, E. American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 2007.

News release, National Institutes of Health.

Hall, K.D. Cell Metabolism, Aug. 13, 2015

Pot, G.K. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, June 22, 2016.

News release, Kings College London.

Eckel-Mahan, K. Physiology Reviews. January 2013.

Cho, H. Nature, May 3, 2012.

Dartmouth University: “The Physiology of Stress: Cortisol and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Eat These Foods – Your Metabolism Will Thank You.”

American Psychological Association: “The Risks of Night Work.”

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