2. Calcium stones
Calcium stones are the most commonly occurring type of kidney stones, and they include two basic varieties, calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. These crystals tend to form over time when the liver ends up producing an excessive build-up of oxalate and calcium, obtain from spinach, wheat bran, nut-based products, rhubarb, and peanuts. In certain instances, a phosphorus build-up can also occur, which is obtained from compounds like disodium phosphate and foods, such as meat, milk and beans. When these compounds tend to build-up inside the kidneys, they begin forming crystals that grow larger in size with time.
However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that you should eliminate calcium from your diet due to the fear of calcium build-up, but in fact, when consumed moderately, it can actually aid in preventing the formation of calcium stones. You see, calcium merges with phosphate and oxalate within the stomach and the small intestine, which aids in preventing them from being absorbed and leaded towards the kidneys.
Researchers believe that not consuming sufficient amounts of calcium can actually increase your risk factors for developing kidney stones by increasing the build-up of such compounds in your urine. At the same time, it is important to understand that the consumption of calcium supplements has been directly associated with a greater risk of developing kidney stones. Therefore, it is essential to consume calcium by adding natural foods to your diet.
3. Struvite stones
Struvite stones usually develop after suffering from a urinary tract infection. Researchers highlight that the urine contains a particular kind of bacteria, which causes the production of ammonia as a breakdown compound that further increases the concentration of ammonia and pH within the urine, eventually leading to the development of struvite stones.
Researchers stress upon the need of early detection and diagnosis for they develop very suddenly and experience a rapid growth that can often be difficult to contain.
4. Cystine stones
These type of kidney stones are the rarest kind and they are associated with an inherited lifelong disorder, known as cystinuria. It occurs when the amino acid cystine begins leaking from the kidneys and entering the urine, leading to the formation of cystine stones.